Letter from Fr Paul – 23 August 2020, 21st Sunday of the Year

23 Aug

Dear All,

Inscribed around the inside of the Dome of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome in Latin in letters six feet high are the words of Our Lord to Simon Peter from today’s Gospel: “Tu  es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo Ecclesiam meam.” “You are Peter and upon this rock I will build My Church.” (Matthew 16:18).

The inscription inside the Dome of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome. “Tu es Petrus”

This is the promise of the Primacy to Peter, and we believe that this is not only a primacy of honour but also of jurisdiction. Peter received from Our Lord supreme authority to teach and govern the whole Church. And Peter has a line of successors in this who we call the Popes. Pope Francis is the 266th Successor of St Peter.

Peter’s name to begin with was Simon and it was Our Lord who changed it. “So you are Simon the son of John? You shall be called Cephas” (which means Peter) (John 1:42) and Peter means rock. Whenever someone’s name is changed in Scripture, it signifies a new vocation. Abram becomes Abraham, Sarai becomes Sarah, Jacob becomes Israel and so on. Peter is going to be the foundation of the Church Christ will found. “You are Peter and upon this rock I will build My Church.” So Our Lord compares His Church to a house that is built on a rock which will give it stability and which will be its foundation, and that rock is Peter. Note here that JESUS says Church (singular) and not churches. The Church is His Body and He cannot have many bodies. There is only one Church – the Catholic Church which is founded on a single man who is to have divine assistance, and that man is Peter. There is a famous phrase coined by St Ambrose of Milan (ca. 340-397) in the Fourth Century: “Ubi Petrus ibi ecclesia.” “Where Peter is, there is the Church.”

Our Lord also gives Peter the “Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven” or the keys of the Church.  Keys were regarded by the Jews as a symbol of ownership or supreme authority so that he who holds the keys is the master of the house. Therefore Peter is to be the ruler of the Church. He is also given the power of binding and loosing. Whatever Peter commands or forbids, he does it in the name of Christ. The keys are the symbol of the Papacy and you can see the crossed keys on the notice board outside our church.

“The Delivery of the Keys” by Pietro Perugino, (ca 1446-1523)

As I have said above, this was the occasion of the promise of the Primacy, but the conferral of the Primacy took place after the Resurrection when three times Our Lord asked Peter if he loved Him and three times Peter replied in the affirmative. JESUS said, “Feed My lambs, feed My sheep.” (John 21:15-17). Our Lord here gives Peter complete jurisdiction over the Universal Church. JESUS said of Himself, “I am the Good Shepherd” (John 10:11) and He is now delegating that authority to Peter.

Peter might seem an extraordinary choice on Our Lord’s part to be the visible Head of the Church on earth. After all, he denied three times that he even knew Him and Our Lord had prophesied this. He said to Peter, “But I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail; and when you have turned again, strengthen your brethren” (Luke 22:32). And St Paul tells us, “God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise, God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong.” (1 Cor. 1:27) And we should not assume that these powers given to Peter were to end with him. The powers are transferred to his successors – the Popes. St Peter was the first Pope. The Pope has to guard the Deposit of Faith and feed the flock with the Truth. We believe that in order to do that, the Pope under certain conditions has the charism of infallibility. That is to prevent him from formally teaching error on faith and morals. I have already written about this in more detail in my letter of 28th June.

Just as an illustration of God protecting His Church from formally teaching error, Pope Sixtus V who reigned for just five years (1585-90) did much good in reforming the Church. But he made a grave mistake in trying to reform St Jerome’s translation of the Bible (Latin Vulgate) which was the official translation. At this time there were many versions of it in circulation so the Pope wanted to provide the best and most accurate version, particularly as Protestantism was really gaining ground at this time. So he got together a group of scholars which included St Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621) and they began the revision process. Pope Sixtus didn’t like their work, abandoned the commission and decided to do it himself, something which was way above his intellectual ability. When he showed the Cardinals what he had done, it was full of errors, parts had been missed out and he had even added things in. This was a serious danger to the Church as Protestants would inevitably say the Pope thinks he is equal to God in changing His Word and would effectively be trying to correct the Holy Spirit. Needless to say there was huge opposition to the Pope’s plans from important theologians and scholars and Pope Sixtus was about to make shipwreck of the doctrine of infallibility. He was preparing to promulgate his work as the only official version of the Scriptures in the Catholic Church. The Papal Bull was already written, and copies of his new translation were already bound and delivered to all the Cardinals in Rome. It seemed nothing could stop him and all he had to do was to formally promulgate the Bull. But then he died. He had been in excellent health up to this point and had been one of the most active Popes ever. The advance copies were quietly withdrawn by the Cardinals and the Papal Bull never saw the light of day. Did God intervene and prevent Sixtus V from formally teaching error to the whole Church? Who knows, but his death prevented him from crossing that line.

The Church will also last till the end of time because “the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16:18) and the Gospel must be preached to the ends of the earth and all brought into the Church which as the Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches, “all salvation comes from Christ the Head through the Church which is His Body” (#846).

There have been many throughout history who have sought to destroy the Church and the Papacy, but they will always fail because of Christ’s promise that He would be with His Church until the end of time (Matthew 28:20).

Pope Pius VII

Napoleon Bonaparte (1768-1821) was a baptised Catholic but during much of his life made many threats against the Church and the Pope. In 1804 he insisted the Servant of God, Pope Pius VII (1742-1823) came to Paris to crown him as emperor. When the Pope arrived he was very badly treated and during the coronation ceremony Napoleon famously took the crown from the Pope’s hands and placed it on his own head! Afterwards he tried to bully the Pope into moving the Papacy to Paris so as he could control the Church to which the Pope replied, “How well you act comedy.” Napoleon was so furious that he tore a drawing of St Peter’s Basilica to shreds in front of the Pope declaring, “This is what I shall do to the Church – I will crush her utterly.” To this, Pius VII calmly replied, “Now you act tragedy.”

The Coronation of Napoleon in 1804  by Jacques-Louis David. Pope Pius VII is seated on the right

A few years later, in 1809, Napoleon seized the Papal States – these were territories in Italy which belonged to the Church. From that moment Napoleon’s fortunes changed. Four days later, he suffered his first major defeat in battle. Later on he had Pope Pius arrested which resulted in the Pope excommunicating him. Napoleon reacted, “Does he suppose the [weapons] will fall from the hands of my soldiers?” Strangely enough this is exactly what happened. When he invaded Russia he was forced to retreat during the brutal Russian winter, with many soldiers becoming so weak due to the cold they could no longer carry their weapons. Napoleon was eventually defeated and sent into exile. He sometimes amused himself by complaining about the Church and pretending any religion was superior to Catholicism, but he also begged the Pope to send him a Catholic chaplain, while also praising JESUS Christ as truly divine, and stating that “The nations of the earth pass away, and thrones fall to the ground; the Church alone remains.” Napoleon learned the hard way that Our Lord’s promise to Peter will never fail.

No one, and nothing, will ever overcome the Catholic Church. To sum it all up, the great Archbishop Venerable Fulton Sheen (1895-1979), speaking of the Church in the first person singular wrote:

“I have adapted myself to every form of government the world has ever known; I have lived with Caesars and kings, tyrants and dictators, parliaments and presidents, monarchies and republics. I have welcomed every advance of science, and were it not for me the great records of the pagan world would not have been preserved. It is true I have not changed my doctrine, but that is because ‘the doctrine is not mine but His that sent me.’ I have changed my garments, which belong to time, but not my Spirit, which belongs to eternity. In the course of my long life, I have seen so many modern ideas become unmodern, that I know I shall live to chant a requiem over the modern ideas of this day as I chanted it over the modern ideas of the last century.

I shall grow weak when my members become rich and cease to pray, but I shall never die. I shall be crucified as I was on Calvary, but I shall rise again. And finally when time shall be no more, and I shall have grown to my full stature, then shall I be taken into Heaven as the bride of my Head, Christ.”

May God bless you all.

Fr Paul

Pope Francis, Vicar of Christ and the 266th Successor of St Peter

Letter from Fr Paul – 15/16 August 2020, The Assumption of Our Lady

16 Aug

Dear All,

In St Peter’s Square on All Saints Day 1950, before a throng of Cardinals, Bishops and faithful from all over the world, Venerable Pope Pius XII (1876-1958) proclaimed ex cathedra the dogma of the Assumption of Our Lady into Heaven. In doing so the Pope exercised the charism of infallibility. He said:

“By the authority of our Lord JESUS Christ, of the Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and by our own authority, we pronounce, declare, and define it to be a divinely revealed dogma: that the Immaculate Mother of God, the ever Virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory.”

Venerable Pope Pius XII during the Proclamation of the Dogma in St Peter’s Square, 1st November 1950

And so within the lifetime of many of you reading this, a dogma which has been believed from the beginning of the Church and has been celebrated with great joy and solemnity throughout the centuries was finally proclaimed de fide (of the Faith) and must therefore be believed by all Catholics. By proclaiming this dogma, Pius XII put to rest any doubts about it, and also corrected any errors that may have existed in modern times about Mary.

Mary being taken up into Heaven by Guido Reni, 1575-1642

As we heard in the definition of Pius XII, when we say Our Lady was assumed into Heaven, we don’t just acknowledge that her soul was taken up into Heaven, as is the case with everyone else who has attained heavenly glory – but that at the end of her earthly life she was taken up soul and BODY into Heaven, her body suffering no decay. Death and corruption are the penalty of Original Sin. Mary was conceived without Original Sin and she committed no actual sins. She is the Immaculate Conception. Her whole life had been one continuous “yes” to God. “Be it done unto me according to Thy word” (Luke 1:38). The Pope didn’t indicate whether Mary had died as we don’t know for sure one way or the other. What is important is the fact she was taken up to Heaven body and soul. And in fact there is some difference between the Eastern and Western Churches as to how exactly it happened. The Eastern Churches actually refer to this feast as the “Dormition of Our Lady”. Dormition is a word for sleep and refers to her death, whereas the Western Church tends to portray her as being taken alive at once body and soul into Heaven, although there is a tradition in the West that she first died, was carried to her tomb by the Apostles and then three days later was taken up to Heaven. This is why the Pope said “having completed the course of her earthly life…” so it’s open to some interpretation.

Saint Maximus the Confessor (d.662) in The Life of the Virgin wrote down the story that long preceded him:

“The holy Apostles encircled the bed on which lay the Holy Theotokos’ [ie. the God-bearer’s] body. . . .They honoured it with hymns and praise. . . .Then the Apostles called on blessed Peter to deliver a funeral prayer. . . .He prayed, and immediately they wrapped in a holy shroud and anointed with myrrh the body that contained the uncontainable, the King and Creator of all things visible and invisible, and they laid it on a bed.”

The Dormition (falling asleep) of Our Lady by Fra Angelico (1395-1455)

It is also significant that whereas we have the tombs and relics of every Apostle and the bones of many early saints, there is no church that claims to have the body of Mary, and this is because it’s not on earth – it is in Heaven. Furthermore, references to the Feast of the Assumption as being believed from the time of the Apostles date back to the Fourth Century.

There is, however, Scriptural evidence as to the whereabouts of Mary’s body and soul. And the Church today gives us an important passage from the Apocalypse as our First Reading. “A great sign appeared in Heaven, a woman adorned with the sun, standing on the moon, and with the twelve stars on her head for a crown. She was pregnant and in labour, crying out aloud in the pangs of childbirth…” (12:1-2). Now the woman described is unquestionably Mary, because it is a beautiful woman who gives birth to a child who can be none other than JESUS. 

Furthermore, the first line of this reading also refers to the “Ark of the Covenant” which is one of the titles of Our Lady. “The sanctuary of God in Heaven opened, and the Ark of the Covenant could be seen inside it” (11:19). Remember if you can what was in the Ark of the Covenant in the Old Testament. Firstly, it was a box of acacia wood, covered in gold. Inside it were placed the two tablets on which God had inscribed the Ten Commandments. Then there was the rod of the High Priest Aaron, and some of the manna (the miraculous bread) with which God had fed the Israelites as they journeyed through the desert for forty years. Now the point is, in this Ark dwelt the very presence of God. He dwelt mysteriously within it, rather like our Catholic understanding of the tabernacle in our churches.

The Ark of the Covenant being carried in the Old Testament

But Mary is the true Ark. Why? Because she contained in her womb what the Ark of the Old Testament only foreshadowed. Just as the Ark contained the Ten Commandments, Mary bears the one who is the fulfilment of the Law. Just as the Ark carried the rod of the High Priest Aaron, so Mary carries the true High Priest who will offer His life on the cross for our sins. And just as the Ark carried the manna with which God had fed Israel in the desert, Mary carries in her womb the child who will be known as “the Bread of Life.” So if Mary is the new Ark and the dwelling place of God on earth, then by implication JESUS is God on earth. You see, all Marian doctrines point to Christ and who He really is.  Now in the reading from the Apocalypse, if Mary is that Ark, that Ark is clearly described as being in Heaven. (11:19). And this new Ark is not just Mary’s soul but also her body. It was in Mary’s body  that “the Word became flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:14) and so it is fitting that her body, the true Ark be taken up into the Holy of Holies in Heaven.

Now why should all this matter to us? Well, just as with most Marian dogmas, it’s an anticipation of what we hope for ourselves. As Mary was assumed body and soul into Heaven, we hope that one day we too will be there body and soul. When we die, once our souls are purified they will enter Heaven, but the body remains in the tomb and decays. But on the Last Day, as St Paul tells us in First Corinthians, the trumpet shall sound and all the dead shall be raised, and what was perishable will be imperishable, incorruptible. In other words we will be reunited with our bodies for ever. And then will come to pass the saying “Death is swallowed up in victory.” “O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?” But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord JESUS Christ” (1 Corinthians 15:51-57).

The Assumption of Our Lady then is a wonderful precursor of our own resurrection. It is made possible by Christ’s rising from the dead. As we are told in the Second Reading, “Death came through one man (Adam), in the same way the resurrection of the dead has come through one man” (Christ). (1 Corinthians 15:21).

Our Lady is the first fruit of the Redemption and already shares in it. She is the first fulfilment of the promises of Our Lord; and she is for us, the foreshadowing of what will happen to us. She shows us the way and opens the way for all who wish to follow her Son. So let us rejoice on this Feast of all Marian Feasts. We rejoice with Pope Pius XII, and the whole Court of Heaven, and we pray to our Heavenly Mother in all her glory that where she has gone before we may follow. “Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death. Amen.”

May God bless you all.

Fr Paul

Pope Pius XII before a statue of Our Lady. “Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatoribus, nunc et in hora mortis nostrae.” “Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.”

Letter from Fr Paul – 9 August 2020, 19th Sunday of the Year

9 Aug

Dear All,

This past week we celebrated the feast of one of the truly great saints and one of my favourites: St John Marie Vianney who is also known as the Curé d’Ars which means the Parish Priest of Ars. He is also the Patron Saint of Parish Priests and I have an icon of him in my room which a fellow seminarian gave me as an ordination present. Here it is.

St John Marie Vianney was born in the French town of Dardilly, near Lyons in 1786 into a very devout Catholic family.  He was one of six children. It was a very turbulent time for the Church in France because of the French Revolution (1789-99). Churches were either confiscated or destroyed and there was a strong anti-clerical movement and priests had to go into hiding for fear of their lives. The Church had to operate underground, with Masses and the Sacraments being celebrated secretly in houses, in barns, in cellars and sometimes in the middle of the night. The Vianney’s would often travel long distances to attend Mass and John at thirteen years old made his First Holy Communion in a neighbour’s kitchen. The Vianney family hid many priests in their own home and John came to love their company and to really admire the sacrifice they made. Through these extraordinary circumstances he came to see these priests as heroes.

Masses were celebrated secretly in farms and private houses during the French Revolution

In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte became Emperor of France and he allowed the churches to re-open. At fifteen years old John revealed his desire “to win souls for the good Father.” In other words he felt called to the Priesthood. His mother was delighted, but his father was very opposed to the idea because he was worried about finance and wanted him to work on the family farm, but eventually he gave in. When John was twenty he went to study with Abbé Balley who was the Parish Priest of Écully. He was there with a group of much younger boys. John was not very good at his studies, particularly Latin. Fr Balley asked one of his brightest pupils, twelve year old Mathias Loras to help John. Mathias was very patient, but one day he lost his temper with John and slapped him hard on the cheek because he just couldn’t grasp or remember anything. The other boys expected a fight to break out, but instead John fell to his knees and said, “Forgive me Mathias. I know I try your patience. I’m stupid and I always have been. One of my sisters told me that and she loves me dearly too.” Everyone was silent when Mathias suddenly burst into tears and said, “Oh John, you will never know what you have taught me this afternoon” as he rushed out of the room. John was mystified and wondered what on earth he could have taught Mathias. One of the other boys told him, “It’s  humility you’ve taught him. Latin is not everything.”

John was sent to the major seminary at Lyons in 1813. He struggled with his studies there too, but Abbé Balley persuaded the Vicar General that John’s extraordinary piety made up for his academic limitations. He was finally ordained a Priest on 12th August 1815 and celebrated his first Mass the following day. He was appointed assistant to his great friend and mentor Abbé Balley. When the Abbé passed away three years later, John was appointed Parish Priest of Ars. The Vicar General told him, “My friend, you are going to a small parish where very little of the love of God can be seen. You are now to enkindle the flame of Divine charity there!”

The Vicar General was correct. Ars was a small town of around 230 people and due to the Revolution the people there had virtually all stopped practising the Faith and were totally indifferent to their religion. There is a well-known incident that as he approached Ars he met a young shepherd boy, Anthony Givre, and asked him for directions. The boy obliged and Fr Vianney said to him, “Anthony, you have shown me the way to Ars. I will show you the way to Heaven.” There is a statue just outside Ars recalling this famous meeting in 1818.

“Show me the way to Ars and I will show you the way to Heaven.”

When Fr Vianney arrived he knelt down and asked God to bless his Parish, the Parish that he would change forever and where he would spend the rest of his life. Ars to begin with was full of sin. Blasphemy, cursing, profanation of Sundays, gatherings and dances at taverns with immodest songs and conversation were commonplace. These things would be the subject of his sermons and he never held back. But he fasted, did severe penances, went without sleep and used the discipline. He took only one meal a day which consisted of one or two boiled potatoes and water. He performed all these penances and mortifications for the welfare of his people and to convert them. He decorated and made his church as beautiful as possible to make the practice of the Faith as attractive as possible for them.

After ten years of preaching and visiting his parishioners regularly he had converted and transformed the little town of Ars and people were flocking there in their thousands from all over France to see this holy priest and to make their confession to him. The change in the people was very noticeable even to outsiders. Some of the other priests became jealous of Fr Vianney and forbade their own parishioners from going to see him. They even wrote letters to the Bishop saying he was too ignorant to be a Parish Priest and should certainly not hear Confessions. So they got a petition going to have him removed. The petition mistakenly came to Fr Vianney and when he saw the signatures of so many priests he signed it himself and sent it to the Bishop! His great humility moved the priest who had started the petition to great remorse and they became good friends. Meanwhile the Bishop had become tired of the complaints and sent a Canon from the Cathedral to investigate. Fr Vianney had to submit up to two hundred difficult cases of conscience he had come across in the confessional along with his solutions. The conclusion was that his solutions were perfect! However, after this investigation, some priests still continued calling John “mad”, to which the Bishop is known to have responded: “Gentlemen, I wish that all my clergy had a small grain of the same madness!” The Bishop gave him faculties, rare at the time, to hear Confessions anywhere throughout the diocese.  After a while, with the Bishop’s support, most of the priests came to learn to love and support him.

People would queue for over three days to see him. Why? Because he was like no ordinary Confessor. Towards the end of his life, around one hundred thousand people were coming to Ars every year. He could spend up to eighteen hours in the confessional every day! He would rise at 1am and he did this in spite of all his other priestly duties such as celebrating Mass, teaching Catechism, reciting the Divine Office, visiting the sick and so on. But in the Confessional he could read souls. If people withheld certain sins he would admonish them, and often, to their astonishment would tell them what their sins were.

Thousands of people would flock to Ars every year to confess to the holy Curé

As people told their sins he would say, “What a pity, what a pity.” He was even known to weep and say, “My friend, I weep because you do not.” And so people were moved to true contrition and they also seemed to find the graces to give up sinful habits after confessing to him.

There is the story of a bandit who had been away from the Church for many years. He was sick and afraid of dying but deep down wasn’t really sorry for his sins. Fr Vianney knew this and when the man had finished he told him, “I’m sorry, you’re wasting your time here because you’re not really repentant.” Then he sent the man away without giving absolution. The bandit returned the following day and this time was repentant, but some of his sins were so awful he dared not mention them. When the man had finished Fr Vianney listed for him all the sins he had failed to mention and then gave him absolution. The man went away reconciled to God and absolutely speechless.

Fr Vianney always insisted suffering with temptation was an opportunity to do good for others. “Offer your temptations for the conversion of sinners. When the devil sees you doing this, he is beside himself with rage and makes off, because then the temptation is turned against himself.” He continued, “we must watch over our mind, our heart and our senses, for these are the gates by which the devil enters in.”

Fr Vianney also suffered violent personal attacks from the devil whom he called the grappin. On the night before a really big sinner was going to come for Confession the attacks would become more ferocious and the holy Curé would say, “There’s a really big fish coming tomorrow.” The demon would continuously bang on doors but there would be nobody there. At first Fr Vianney thought it was burglars and so he asked two other men to sleep in the house in case he needed their help. They too heard all the noises but found nobody. Some men even kept armed guard outside the house but still they found nobody and yet the disturbances continued. Then he realised it was the rage of Satan. One night when Fr Vianney was disturbed more than usual, he said, “My God, I willingly make the sacrifice to You of a few hours sleep for the conversion of sinners.” Immediately the demons vanished and everything fell silent. On other occasions the demons pulled him out of bed and on one occasion even set his bed on fire. 

The burned bed of St John Vianney in the house at Ars

Then on one night after a particularly violent assault where the house had literally been shaking he got up to answer the door. There he found a man who had travelled miles to make his Confession. This sort of thing was not an unusual occurrence. The purpose of all this was to make the Cure so tired so as to make him physically unfit to go on with his astonishing work in the Confessional by which he snatched so many souls from the clutches of the evil one. It shows us how much Satan fears the Sacrament of Confession. In the end, these occurrences became so common that Fr Vianney used to make fun of the demon and he would joke to people, “Oh! the grappin and myself – we are almost chums.” The devil once told him, “If there were three priests such as you, my kingdom would be ruined.” Fr Vianney’s friend, Abbé Raymond said, “Only at the Last Judgement will it become known how many souls have found their salvation here.” It was the Confessional which was the glory of his priesthood.

One of the other really great things St John Vianney did was to found La Providence. At the end of the Napoleonic era France was in a grave economic state and many women and girls sold themselves as prostitutes. So Fr Vianney founded La Providence which was an orphanage – in fact it was a two storey beautiful French country house – where numerous young teenage and orphan girls in need of spiritual direction and shelter learned skills such as housekeeping from Catherine Lassagne, who headed the house. One of his great delights was to teach them the catechism. It became a really crowded affair and had to be moved into the church.

St John Vianney and St Philomena

I cannot write about St John Vianney and not mention his favourite saint, St Philomena. He used to attribute all his miracles out of humility to her. He first came to know about her through a friend of his, Pauline Jaricot, the foundress of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith and the Living Rosary, who in 1835 had been miraculously cured of a grave illness through the intercession of Saint Philomena. Pauline Jaricot offered Fr Vianney a part of the relics of the saint which she had obtained from the shrine at Mugnano. He immediately had an altar erected in her honour in the church at Ars and it soon became the scene of innumerable cures, conversions and miracles. He always told the sick to pray to St Philomena and due to his great devotion to her the whole of France soon knew her name, and altars, statues and churches dedicated to her sprung up all over.

After forty years, life had taken its toll on his physical and spiritual health and there were various times when he wanted to run away from the parish to prepare for his own death. He was never successful in this and he died on 4th August 1859. The Bishop presided over his funeral with three hundred priests and more than six thousand people in attendance. His body is preserved incorrupt above an altar in the Parish Church of Ars.

May the holy Curé of Ars bless us from above, and may he inspire all priests to know more deeply the privilege of bringing souls to Christ through the grace and power of Holy Orders.                     

May God bless you all.

Fr Paul

The incorrupt body of St John Vianney in the church at Ars

Letter from Fr Paul – 2 August 2020, 18th Sunday of the Year

2 Aug

Dear All,

Today at Mass we hear St Matthew’s account of the miracle of the feeding of the five thousand (14:13-21). This miracle is unique in that it is the only miracle of Our Lord that appears in all four Gospels. And so I would like to write today on the topic of miracles. We sometimes say of miracles, “For those who believe no explanation is needed. For those who do not believe no explanation is possible.”

Miracles are important for us because they help us to believe. Our Lord said to the Jews, “Unless you see signs and wonders you will not believe” (John 4:48). So they give us motives of credibility. If Our Lord really came from God there should be certain signs and wonders (which is what miracle means) to prove His claims. And throughout His ministry JESUS worked many miracles, not for Himself or to make money and neither did He do them to amaze people. He told us why He performed them. “If I am not doing the works of My Father, then do not believe Me; but if I do them, even though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me and I am in the Father.” (John 10:37-38). And so we should expect many miracles to accompany the beginnings of Christianity because miracles are there to convince people that this is really true and that the message is really important and from God. Thirty five miracles of Our Lord are recorded in the New Testament, including curing the blind, the deaf, the lame, calming the storm at sea, and three tell of the raising of the dead. But He must have worked hundreds, even thousands of miracles because, “there are also many other things which JESUS did; were every one of them to be written, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written” (John 21:25). So the miracles Our Lord worked guaranteed the truth of His message. If He worked miracles by His own power He showed Himself to be Lord of the Universe and God, with His own Resurrection from the dead being the crowning glory.

St Thomas Aquinas defines a miracle as events “which are wrought by divine power apart from the order usually observed in nature” (Contra Gentiles, 3). So a miracle has to be divine, that is by the power of God, it has to be above the order of nature and it also has to cause wonder to our senses.  Today’s Gospel would be such an event. It is the disciples who comment that the large crowd following JESUS were tired and hungry and suggest that He should send them away. And so Our Lord tells them there is no need for them to be sent away and that the disciples should feed them themselves, but there are only five loaves and two fish. But JESUS raises His eyes to Heaven, takes the bread and the two fish, says the blessing, breaks it and gets the disciples to distribute it with the two fish to the crowd. They all ate to their fill and twelve baskets of scraps were collected after and well over five thousand people were fed. So this is a miracle because it is worked by a Divine Person, JESUS, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity. Secondly it is above nature to multiply the five loaves and two fish to feed well over five thousand people, and thirdly it would have caused wonder to the crowd. This was a true miracle and was not people simply sharing their lunch as some modernist writers like to assert.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand is the only miracle of Our Lord contained in all four Gospels

Miracles of course didn’t cease when Our Lord ascended into Heaven. He promised He would be with His Church until the end of time and so the miracles continued. Just read the Acts of the Apostles and see how many miracles they worked. Peter and Paul raised the dead. People would put out the sick so that Peter’s shadow would cure them as he passed (Acts 5:15). Similarly, when the Church is being founded in a new part of the world or in a new culture many miracles accompany this work. For example in 597 AD Pope Gregory the Great (540-604) sent St Augustine (d. circa 604) here to England to preach the Gospel, and we have a letter from the Pope to Augustine warning the monks not to become too proud of their power to work miracles. The Pope was worried about the salvation of their souls if they became too proud. So something supernatural and miraculous was obviously happening.

I love the story of St Joseph of Cupertino (1603-1663), an Italian Franciscan priest who is most famous for levitating and as a result he is the patron saint of pilots. It usually happened when he was before some sacred image, or before a crucifix or an image of Our Lady. It was very difficult to get him down and they tried shouting, pinching and even burning him and poking him with needles – all to no avail, but he would always return to the world at the command of his superior! He would frequently levitate during Mass too. Many very important people witnessed his levitations including Pope Urban VIII. While bending over the feet of the Pope to greet him, Joseph became so enraptured that he rose into the air and only returned to the ground at his Father General’s command!

St Joseph of Cupertino levitating during Mass

On one occasion a sceptical Lutheran witnessed this and he was allowed into the sanctuary to put his hand under his feet and around him to make sure there was nothing pulling him up. When he realised it was genuine he converted to Catholicism.

Many of the saints had the gift of bilocation – the ability to be in two places at the same time. Perhaps the most extraordinary concerns Venerable Mary of Agreda, a Spanish nun who died in 1665. One day in 1620 she was mystically transported to New Mexico where she was commanded by Our Lord to teach the Indians the Faith. She spoke in Spanish but they understood her. They spoke in their native tongue and she understood them. The Indians didn’t know her name and called her the “Lady in Blue” because of the colour of her mantle. Reports of a nun teaching the Indians reached the Archbishop in Mexico, one of them from Mary of Agreda’s Confessor who wanted to see whether her report to him of her bilocating to Indian territory was true.

Venerable Mary of Agreda, Virgin, Abbess and Mystic

The Indians themselves testified there was a nun in blue who used to come and teach them about the Lord JESUS Christ and they asked for more missionaries to be sent. When two priests arrived they found the native Indians already very well instructed and so they baptised them. The Archbishop sent someone to investigate to see if the reports of Mary’s bilocating to the Indians were true. When she was questioned under obedience in Spain, (her humility would not allow her to reveal what had been happening unless she were ordered to do so) she told everything she knew about the visits and could describe everything in New Mexico exactly as it was, even the customs of the different tribes, the climate and so on. Venerable Mary of Agreda bilocated for eleven years between 1620 and 1631.

The saints continue to work miracles even in modern times. St Padre Pio (1887-1968) who lived during many of our lifetimes had many mystical gifts including bilocation, the stigmata and he worked countless miracles including raising the dead. He was such a gift to the Church and the world in these unbelieving secular times. God is telling us through St Padre Pio “I still work miracles through My saints.”

A woman with a suitcase was in the queue to confess to Padre Pio who was by now famous for working miraculous cures. When her turn came she opened her suitcase and burst into tears. She was coming to Padre Pio to ask him to cure her sick baby son but he had died on the way. However with great faith she put the child in the suitcase and continued her journey. She opened the case in front of Padre Pio who took the little boy’s body in his arms and prayed for a few moments. Then he said authoritatively to the mother, “But why are you shouting so much? Don’t you see that your child is sleeping?” The woman stopped her shouting to find that her son was breathing normally and sleeping tranquilly.

St Padre Pio

Then there is the well-known story of a girl born with no pupils in her eyes, and therefore blind from birth. Her name is Gemma di Giorgi. In 1947 Padre Pio cured her – she could suddenly see. Gemma who was 7 at the time is still alive today and continues to see but she still has no pupils in her eyes! So this is an ongoing miracle.

Many miracles are connected with Marian shrines. A French woman called Madame Bire had a withered optic nerve and had become blind in 1908. In the same year she went to Lourdes where Our Lady had appeared to St Bernadette in 1858 and received Holy Communion at the grotto. Later on the priest who was carrying the Blessed Sacrament in procession passed by her and at once she saw the statue of Our Lady.

The Blessing of the Sick during the Blessed Sacrament Procession at Lourdes

She was taken to the hospital for tests and her optic nerve was still withered and yet she could read even the smallest letters in the newspaper. Three months later, upon further examination the optic nerve had been restored. Now there is no natural means of a dead, withered optic nerve becoming functional again. Not only is this a miracle but it also proves the Real Presence of Christ in the Blessed Sacrament, because it was when the Host passed her by that she was cured instantly. The Holy Eucharist really is the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ.

The final miracle I will mention was the most major of the Twentieth Century and happened at Fatima in 1917. Our Lady had appeared to three children, Jacinta, Francesco and Lucia whom she told at a certain time and at a certain place she would perform a miracle so that all would believe. Tens of thousands gathered on 13th October. There had been torrential rain for over 24 hours, but 70,000 people witnessed the Miracle of the Sun in which it danced in the sky for 12 minutes before plummeting towards the earth. People thought the end of the world had come. But then the sun returned to its place in the sky and everything and everybody was clean and dry. The miracle was recorded in the secular International Press of the time and many converted. Many miraculous cures took place in the crowd who were present and the miracle was seen from 30 miles away. All this gave testimony to the truth that Our Lady was appearing there and the authenticity of the message. The message was about the importance of salvation and also a warning that many people were living lives which if left uncorrected would result in Hell. There were also prophecies about Russia and the First and Second World Wars which all came true. So the message was very grave and still applies to us today. The miracle and message at Fatima is just as important for us today as it was then to help us change and guide us towards salvation.

The crowd in the Cova da Iria at Fatima 13th October 1917 witnessing the Miracle of the Sun

The Miracle of the Sun reported in the anti-Catholic Lisbon newspaper “O Seculo” in 1917

These few miracles I have mentioned are only motives of credibility for believing in the supernatural. As I said earlier, Our Lord worked thousands of miracles during his time on earth but many chose not to believe in Him. So miracles are not enough on their own. We have to choose to accept the truth with our hearts and minds. But at the same time we have to be careful. I have known people who see a miracle around every corner. Genuine miracles are a rare occurrence. God doesn’t always work miracles when we ask Him because it may not always be for our good. Our Lord healed many but He didn’t heal everybody. Miracles have to be profitable to us. They can also point to religious truths but they are not an end in themselves but a means to an end.

May God bless you all.

Fr Paul

Letter from Fr Paul – 26 July 2020, 17th Sunday of the Year

26 Jul

Dear All

Over the past few weeks Our Lord has been speaking about the Kingdom of Heaven in the Gospel. We have been listening to a number of what are called the “Parables of the Kingdom” – the Parable of the Wheat and the Darnel, the Parable of the Mustard Seed, the Parable of the Yeast and then today we have the Parable of the Hidden Treasure, the Parable of the Pearl and the finally the Parable of the Dragnet.

Heaven is one of the Four Last Things and the Church and the saints tell us we should consider all of them frequently. The Four Last Things are Death Judgement, Heaven and Hell. Heaven is obviously the most joyous and it’s the one I would like to briefly consider today.

Heaven is our true homeland

It is a divinely revealed truth that God desires that all people be saved and get to Heaven, but at the same time Heaven is not automatic because we have free will. We have to choose God and go on choosing Him until the day we die. The Church teaches that only those who die in a state of grace will go to Heaven. It is simply not true that everyone goes there. If we die separated from God (ie. in mortal sin), that separation is fixed for eternity. If we are not in a state of grace, the way to fix it is by making a good sacramental Confession of our sins having made a good examination of conscience before. We can only do that in this life. Also Anointing of the Sick and the Last Rites will help ensure we are in a state of grace when we die, so it is important always to call the priest to anoint someone who is near death. So Heaven is something we have to strive for and pray about. We have to strive for holiness and virtue in this life so as we attain the end for which God created us.

To be anointed when one is dying is a great grace which helps ensure our safe passage to the next life

Heaven is our true goal, our ultimate destination – the other things we tend to chase after are not. They are passing and of this world. We all have a feeling of constant longing. Whether we know it or not, this longing is for Heaven because ultimately only God can satisfy us.  As St Augustine said, “Thou hast made us for Thyself, O Lord, and our heart is restless until it finds its rest in Thee.”

Things in this life often become boring because they fulfil only a part of us. Once we get what we want we want something else, and then something else and so on. But the Beatific Vision (seeing God face to face) which is how it will be in Heaven, will fulfil every aspect of our being. “But surely it will be so boring?” many say. “After all there will be no food or drink, no TV or internet, no computer games, no sport, no marriage etc so what are we going to be doing all the time?” Well it’s true that there won’t be the pleasures of this life in Heaven, but we should know that every good thing in this life is only but the tiniest reflection of the wonder and glory of Heaven. It just cannot be that God who created everything that is good is going to make Heaven less good than the good things we have here on earth now.

St Paul quoting Isaiah says, “No eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man conceived, what God has prepared for those who love Him.” (1 Corinthians 2:9). So it’s impossible for us to comprehend the happiness of Heaven, because the only thing we have experienced is earthly joy. St Bernard (1090-1153) says, “there is nothing in Heaven which gives displeasure, but everything delights.” Imagine that. Many of the people we meet in life don’t give us pleasure – but in Heaven they will! St Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) writes, “The pleasant companionship of all the blessed in Heaven will be a companionship replete with delight. For each one will possess all good things together with the blessed, because they will love one another as themselves, and therefore will rejoice in the happiness of the other’s goods as well as their own.”

I have already mentioned the Beatific Vision or seeing God face to face. St John says in his first Epistle, “we shall be like to Him: because we shall see Him as He is” (1 John 3:2). But we won’t see Him with our bodily eyes because God is a spirit, although God the Son (JESUS), since the Incarnation has a body. So we will see God through the intellect. When we enter Heaven God joins Himself to our intellect. This is why those in Heaven are said to know all things. And we will see God in His infinite love, His infinite justice and His infinite mercy and in all His perfection, and we will also see ourselves as God sees us and we shall know everyone else as they truly are. Our thirst for knowledge will be perfectly satisfied and so this will be perfect happiness for us. There will be no faith in Heaven because we will simply know, and neither will there be any hope because we will have fulfilled our destiny which is Heaven.

The degree of glory each soul will have in Heaven will correspond exactly to how much sanctifying grace they have in their souls. This is why we aim for holiness. The more virtuous you are (virtue has to be practised), the more sanctifying grace you have, and therefore the higher degree of glory you will have in Heaven. And you obtain virtue by prayer, sacrifice and good works.

People will often ask if Heaven is either a place or a state? The answer is it depends on whether you mean now or in the future. For now Heaven is a state, but at the General Resurrection and Final Judgement at the end of time when we all get our bodies back it will be a place. When JESUS rose from the dead He wasn’t a ghost or a spirit, but His body was different to what it was before. He had a new kind of body which was glorified, and that is the kind of body that is promised to us, and these glorified bodies will never die. Our bodies will be of the same nature they were in this life and they will still be identifiably our body, and they will be whole and complete. Any deformities or imperfections will not be there in Heaven. If anyone lost a limb in life or their body was destroyed by fire, in Heaven it will be restored. Neither will there be any suffering, illness or anxiety. Our bodies will shine with the glory reflecting our virtues. Even if we were no oil painting in this life, we will be so beautiful that we would appear to be like an angel.

Our Lady appearing to St Bernadette in Lourdes in 1858

Now remember Our Lady is already glorified in Heaven. And when St Bernadette (1844-1879) was called to look at a statue an artist had made of Our Lady of Lourdes, she said, “No, that’s horrible. She was far more beautiful than that.” So we just cannot imagine how beautiful Our Lady is. The children of Fatima said the same. It’s Our Lady’s glory, and she has the highest glory of all creatures. Now if that’s Our Lady, just imagine what it must be like to see JESUS. The saints who have seen Our Lord can never describe it.

Remember Heaven is also the communion of saints. Imagine being able to speak with Our Lady, St Joseph or your favourite saint – St Mary Magdalene, St Francis of Assisi, St Anthony of Padua, St Ignatius,  St Thérèse of Lisieux, St Padre Pio or St Teresa of Calcutta. You would even be able to ask the Archangel Gabriel about the details of the Annunciation!

There are many other considerations about Heaven but this is sufficient for now. But as I mentioned at the beginning we have to strive for Heaven and this will involve many hardships. Remember Our Lord said, “Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many” (Matthew 7:13). All the saints had their eyes fixed on Heaven. Heaven was their entire motivation. It is why they went to far and distant lands to preach the Gospel, willingly endured so many hardships and why they went to extremes to help the poor and the needy. It is what caused them to praise God even as they were put to death. Pray to have this desire for God and for Heaven above everything else.

In conclusion, listen to these beautiful verses from the last book in the Bible, the Apocalypse:

“They shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads. And night shall be no more; they need no light of lamp or sun, for the Lord God will be their light, and they shall reign for ever and ever” (22:4-5).

May God bless you all.

Fr Paul